Originating in Brazil in the 19th century, samba owes its rhythm and moves to the African slave dances on the Brazilian sugarcane plantations. Wearing moderate clothing therefore goes a long way to help samba dancers to easily cool down. The dance is completely choreographed and the movements tend to mimic the lyrics. Music and dance played an important role in the culture and heritage of the place. 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Select a subject to preview related courses: Samba involves a strong percussive beat that drives the dance. This is also one of the most common type of samba dancing in Brazil. History. Samba, an old Brazilian style of dance with many variations, is African in origin. Sambista at Rio Carnaval in 2008. The samba music rhythm has been danced in Brazil since its inception in the late 16th century. One of the most typical moves is the umbigada which is clear Bantu influence, where the dancer invites her successor into the circle's center. What Looks Good on a College Application? The basic movement involves a straight body and a bending of one knee at a time. Samba's origins lie in the intertwined history of colonialism and slavery. It is one of the five latin dances currently competed internationally by professional dancers, along with the Cha-Cha-Cha, Jive, Rumba, and Paso Doble.. Many versions of the Samba (from Baion to Marcha) are danced at the local carnival in Rio. n. 1. 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