"[Amongst the scenes depicted on the throne of Apollon at Amyklai (Amyclae), Lakedaimonia :] Hera is gazing at Io, the daughter of Inakhos (Inachus), who is already a cow. Herodotus (i. l, &c., ii. [2.1] KEROESSA (by Zeus) (Stephanus of Byzantium "Byzantion") When they tried to mount to heaven, Jove [Zeus] with the help of Minerva [Athena], Apollo, and Diana [Artemis], cast them headlong into Tartarus. The Amazones will gladly guide you on your way. King : [What offspring, then, did Libya have?] I, knowing naught, made ready for your marriage, hoped for a son-in-law and grandchildren. And may you, daughter of Inakhos (Inachus), lay to heart my words so that you may learn the end of your wanderings. Thence she is to proceed southward, where she is to meet the Amazons (who at that time are conceived to live in Colchis, afterwards in Themiscyra, on the river Thermodon), who are to conduct her to the place where the Salmydessian rock endangers all navigation.

Then let her be instructed by you as to the toils still to come. ], Parthenius, Love Romances 1 (trans. This is a common theme throughout the Old Testament in particular. Zeus is inflamed by passion's dart for you and is eager to unite with you in love. 1. ", Pausanias, Guide to Greece 2. Showerman) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. What offence have you committed that as punishment you are doomed to destruction? "Once again to my sorrow the dismal rites have returned: now for ten nights is Cynthia engaged in worship. 1 : Oft did our fathers see Jupiter [Zeus] come down to earth and the Pelasgians' Argive realm, aflame for the coy Iasian maid. But now heaven's master [Zeus] could no more endure Phoronis' [Io's] distress, and summoned his son [Hermes], whom the bright shining Pleias [Maia] bore, and charged him to accomplish Argus' death.

"Wandering Io fled the sandy verge and ventured and shrank again, yet by compulsion of the Erinnyes (Furies) must she go upon the swelling sea. "On his [the Italian king Turnus'] shield was blazoned in gold the image of Io, now changed to a heifer, with horns uplifted, and fought-haired - a potent symbol; also her guardian, Argus, and Inachus her father, pouring out his stream from a graven pitcher. There she brought forth Epaphos (Epaphus) the Toucher to Zeus, so called because the divine bed-fellow with love-mad hands touched the inviolate breasts of the heifer child of Inakhos. Io : What land is this? i. What’s the Difference? She is a goddess now [Egyptian Isis], famous divine, and linen-robed adorers throng her shrine. 18. A peculiar mournfill festival was celebrated in honour of Io at Argos, and although we have no distinct statement that she was worshipped in the historical ages of Greece, still it is not improbable that she was. 1. s. v. Aphesios). : After this she is to leave Europe and go to Asia, according to which the poet must here make the Maeotis the boundary between Europe and Asia, whereas elsewhere he makes the Phasis the boundary. Never, oh never, did I dream that words so strange would greet my ears; or that sufferings so grievous to look upon, yes, and so grievous to endure, a tale of outrage, would strike my soul as if with double-pronged goad.

Isis : "Beside the Nile with his harvests they hold a festival for another [Isis the immortalised Io], instead of sheafbearing mother Demeter; they tell of a spurious bountiful Deo, bullbred, horned, Inakhos's daughter Io [i.e. The mythus of Io is one of the most ancient, and at the same time one of the most difficult to explain. Zeus sent Hermes to slay the warden but Hera soon retaliated by inflicing the heifer-shaped Io with a gadfly. ‘If I'm not wrong,’ she thought, ‘I'm being wronged’; and gliding down from heaven's height she lighted on the earth and bade the clouds disperse. "Zeus changed Io in the fair island Abantis, which the gods, who are eternally, used to call Abantis aforetime, but Zeus then called it Euboia (Island of Fine Cattle) after the cow.

these very waves Io, not yet a goddess, to thy folk, O Nile, and crossed, whence the straight had its name . ", Ovid, Metamorphoses 2. But there are some slight modifications of the story in the different writers. "[The wandering cow-maiden Io arrives in the Kaukasos (Caucasus) Mountains where the Titan Prometheus is chained to a crag.] 3; Etymol. : . Eurip. to C1st A.D.) : Virgil, Aeneid 7. ", Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 155 : Is it because Jupiter [Zeus] has taken that wild shape from your features that you have become such a haughty goddess? King : Well then, it drove her by a long course out of the land. Deinomenes made the two female figures which stand near [the statue of Anakreon], Io, the daughter of Inakhos (Inachus), and Kallisto (Callisto), the daughter of Lykaon, of both of whom exactly the same story is told, to wit, love of Zeus, wrath of Hera, and metamorphosis, Io becoming a cow and Kallisto a bear. King : And who was his offspring? "And [Hera] set a watcher upon her [Io], great and strong Argos (Argus), who with four eyes looks every way. Chorus : Epaphos (Epaphus), and truly named from ‘laying on of hands.’ The verses tend to focus on the moth’s physical impact on society, often likening a moth to destruction and despair. Here’s a verse from King James (5:1-2): “Go to now, ye rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come upon you.

What trickery, once found, could he have maintained? He asked too by what means this new design (for new it was), the pipe of reeds, was found. In this manner she would in part touch upon the same countries which she had traversed before. : Aelian, On Animals 11.

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Suda On Line) (Byzantine Greek lexicon C10th A.D.) : Argos in Argolis and Canobus and Memphis in Egypt, Philostratus, Life of Apollonius of Tyana. We’ve put together a compilation of key reference to moths in the Bible, categorised by the symbolism in each. Search Io and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso.

(Comp. ad Lycoph. Smyth) (Greek tragedy C5th B.C.) "After Juno [Hera] saw that Epaphus, born of a concubine [Io], ruled such a great kingdom, she saw to it that he should be killed while hunting, and encouraged the Titanes to drive Jove [Zeus] from the kingdom and restore it to Saturnus [Kronos (Cronus)]. Saturnia [Hera], against her will, admired the creature and asked whose she was, and whence she came and to what herd belonged, pretending not to know the truth. There at last Zeus restores you [Io] to your senses by the mere stroke and touch of his unterrifying hand. "I remained rooted with eyes intent upon her, like those of Argus upon the strange horns of Inachus' child [Io]. On the banks of her sire's [Inachus'] stream the new-created heifer stood, and in the parental waters beheld the horns that were not her own; with mouth that tried to complain, she gave forth only lowings; she felt terror at her form, and terror at her voice. ", Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 7. 111 : 583 ff (trans. Clothes were a clear representation of prosperity in Biblical times, with this verse again highlighting the futility of focusing on material goods. When Juno [Hera] bade you, a human girl, put on horns and drown your speech in the hoarse lowing of a cow, ah, how often did you chafe your mouth with oak leaves and chew in your stall the arbute you had fed on! Prometheus : Yes, a tempestuous sea of calamitous distress. : Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 4. . At once her wrath flared up and soon her anger was fulfilled. 12 : "[The Danaides invoke their ancestor Epaphos upon arriving in Argos, the land of their forefathers :] Our champion from beyond the sea, the calf [Epaphos] born of Zeus, the offspring of the flower-grazing cow [Io], our ancestress, the caress of Zeus' breath.
ii. What people? The rust will erode possessions, as the moth will to garments. And now in the region wherein our first mother [Io] pastured, by recounting the story of her distress of long ago, I shall now set forth reliable proofs to the inhabitants of the land; and other evidence, though unexpected, will yet appear. ‘You charming girl,’ he said, ‘Well worthy of Jove's [Zeus'] love, happy is he, whoe'er he be, that wins you for his bed. Ouroboros, emblematic serpent of ancient Egypt and Greece represented with its tail in its mouth, continually devouring itself and being reborn from itself. Alas, alas! Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : My heart knocks at my ribs in terror; my eyeballs roll wildly round and round. Your riches are corrupted, and your garments are motheaten.”, Have you come across any additional verses of moth symbols in the Bible? He stopped and with his wand, his magic wand, soothed the tired resting eyes and sealed their slumber; quick then with his sword he struck off the nodding head and from the rock threw it all bloody, spattering the cliff with gore. She is told that after crossing the water separating the two continents, she is to arrive in the hot countries situated under the rising sun. The traditions about this heroine are so manifold, that it is impossible to give any general view of them without some classification we shall therefore give first the principal local traditions, next the wanderings of Io, as they are described by later writers, and lastly mention the various attempts to explain the stories about her. . Epaphos the god-beggoten was father of Libya. When you have crossed the stream that bounds the two continents, toward the flaming east, where the sun walks . Io : Why do you call my father's name? 148, &c.) This is the common story, which appears to be very ancient, since Homer constantly applies the epithet of Argeiphontes (the slayer of Argus) to Hermes. 10 (trans. English Portuguese translation in context, Free: Learn English, French and other languages, Reverso Documents: translate your documents online, Learn English watching your favourite videos, All English definitions from our dictionary. ", Propertius, Elegies 2. 2 : And Kyrnos, after having wandered over many of the inhabited parts of the world without being able to find her, put ashore in Karia (Caria) on the Kherronesos (Chersonese) [and settled there].

", Aeschylus, Suppliant Women 292 ff : Hermes being guided by a bird (hierax, pikon), who was Zeus himself (Suid. 3 (trans. Keep him away, O Earth! (Schol. § 2; Hygin. Chorus : What then was the result of this royal strife? He travels onward with his crafty gaze upon me; not even in death does the earth conceal him, but passing from the shades he hounds me, the forlorn one, and drives me famished along the sands of the seashore. and Hesych. If anything of this is confusing to you and hard to understand, may you question me yet again, and gain a clear account; for I have more leisure than I crave. Io : Yielding obedience to such prophetic utterances of Loxias [Apollon], he drove me away and barred me from his house, against his will and mine; but the constraint of Zeus forced him to act by necessity. . Io : Ah me, ah me, alas! ", Pausanias, Guide to Greece 3. Which of the gods has accomplished deeds which, with good reason, warrant more justly my appeal to him? Prometheus : Does it not seem to you that [Zeus] the tyrant of the gods is violent in all his ways? . When Jove realized that for his sake she had borne such suffering, he restored her to her own form, and made her a goddess of the Egyptians, called Isis. (Suid. My far-roaming wanderings have taught me enough, and I cannot discern how to escape my sufferings. p.

She wandered over all of Syria, and when she found Epaphos she returned to Aigyptos and married Telegonos, who at that time was king of the Aigyptians. Alas! The gates of death are shut; my grief endures for evermore.’ As they thus grieved, Argus, star-eyed, drove off daughter from father, hurrying her away to distant pastures. It is another reminder of our little time on this planet, and urges us to make the most of it. That Io is identical with the moon cannot be doubted (comp. 522 : Next she travelled through Illyris (Illyria), past Haimos (Haemus), and crossed the waterway known then as the Thrakian narrows and now, because of her, the Bosporos.


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